Monthly Archives: November 2013

NCAA Approves Flat Seam Baseball

NCAA Approves Flat Seam Baseball

Dave KeilitzBy LOU PAVLOVICH, JR.
Editor/Collegiate Baseball

The NCAA Division I Baseball Committee approved the use of flat seam baseballs for the Division I championship starting in 2015 which should add more offense to the game.

Since BBCOR specification bats have been required with the 2011 season, offensive numbers have plummeted in college and high school baseball.

The poster child for lack of offense took place at the 2013 College World Series as only three home runs were hit in 14 games. It marked the lowest home run total since 1966 — some 47 years ago when only two home runs were hit in 15 games.

The total number of runs scored in the 2013 College World Series was 86 — the lowest total since 1973 which was the last year before aluminum bats and the designated hitter.

From an all-time high of 62 homers at the 1998 College World Series, the numbers have sunk lower and lower with 9 in 2011, 10 in 2012 and 3 in 2013. Numbers the last three years have closely mirrored the wood bat era in college baseball which took place up to the 1973 season.

After several months of testing at the NCAA Bat Certification lab last summer at Washington State University, results showed that the flat seam ball will travel further than a raised seam ball due to the “drag effect.” The greater the distance a ball travels, the greater the drag effect.

The test was conducted with an average ball exit speed from a machine at 95 mph with a spin rate of 1,400 RPM and a launch angle of 25 degrees. These parameters were set because they replicate the settings of a typical home run or a hit that could become a home run.

The average distance the raised seam ball traveled was 367 feet while the average distance the flat seam ball traveled was 387 feet — 20 feet further.

Overwhelming Support
This ruling came on the heels of an American Baseball Coaches Association vote by NCAA Division I head baseball coaches who were overwhelmingly in favor of adopting the flat seam ball.

“The results were very significant as 87 percent of coaches were in favor of the flat seam ball over the raised seam ball,” said Dave Keilitz, executive director of the ABCA.

“Of the 31 NCAA Division I conferences, a majority of the coaches in 29 of 31 conferences wanted the flat seam ball. One conference saw its coaches split on the issue and the other conference preferred to keep the raised seam ball but only by a majority of one.”

Keilitz said the results of a survey from NCAA Division I coaches one year ago were the polar opposite as a slight majority (55 percent) preferred a flat seam ball at that time.

With home runs and offense going the way of the Dodo bird last season, coaches became more vocal for a change. That is why this dramatic voting change of 32 percent took place.

“I feel the (NCAA Division I Baseball) committee had all of their questions answered. And they respected the wishes of the coaches. So they acted.

“The biggest thing is that the majority of the coaches feel that the home run doesn’t hardly exist any more even if a hitter squares up on a pitch. The majority of the coaches feel the balance of the game needed to be brought back.

“This change will not see significantly more home runs. The home run should be back in the game but not to the extent where it was several years ago before the BBCOR bat started being used.”

The change didn’t have to go through the NCAA Rules Committee, which represents all three divisions — I, II and III, because it isn’t a ball rule change.

“The NCAA Division I Baseball Committee can declare that the flat seam ball will be used for tournament play, and it’s done. Secondly, safety is not a factor because the ball comes off the bat at the same speed whether it is a raised seam ball or a flat seam ball (the drag effect does not take effect until the ball travels a good distance). Third, all the major ball companies (Diamond, Wilson, Rawlings) can easily produce a flat seam ball at no extra cost to the schools.”

For years, NCAA Division I schools have used the raised seam baseball in practices and games since it is the ball being used in post-season NCAA tournament games.

Division I teams will undoubtedly change to the flat seam baseball after the 2014 season concludes.

No testing was done at Washington State on the minor league specification flat seam baseball since neither the NCAA Rules Committee nor the NCAA Division I Baseball Committee has any interest in using it for tournament games at this time with the higher maximum .578 COR performance level.

According to Keilitz, previous testing showed significant differences in the distances balls travel that are approved for college and pro baseball.

“Previous research has shown that a minor league flat seam ball with a maximum COR of .578 hit 300 feet would go 20-25 feet further than a college (raised seam) ball with a maximum COR of .555,” said Keilitz.

That would translate to 26.6 to 33.3 feet further on a ball hit 400 feet with the minor league baseball.

Keilitz said that the cost per dozen for the minor league ball would run more than the college ball. The major league ball would be cost prohibitive to most schools at a cost of over $100 per dozen.

Great For Pro Baseball
Derek Johnson, Minor League Pitching Coordinator for the Chicago Cubs and a highly successful pitching coach for 11 seasons at Vanderbilt, feels a change in balls will be great for pitchers going into pro baseball.

“When pitchers use the flat seam ball in college, there will be no adjustment period at all to the professional baseball (which also is a flat seam baseball),” said Johnson.

“When college pitchers come into pro ball now, there is an adjustment phase getting used to the flat seam ball when it comes to curves since pitchers have been throwing with the high seam baseball for years. It’s a bit different throwing the flat seam ball, but eventually pitchers adjust.”

Johnson believes there will be fewer blisters with pitchers when they transition into pro ball since pitchers won’t try to grip the seams tighter.

Keilitz said that NCAA Division II and III coaches will be notified of the flat seam ball change in the Division I championship and the reasons why so they can vote on whether a change should take place in those championships.

“Usually there is a trickle down effect when Division I makes a change. I wouldn’t be surprised to see a change made for the Division II, III, NAIA, and junior college championships. High schools have had a major drop off offensively as well. So they could go to the flat seam ball also.”

Conquering Hidden Fears — The Mind Game

Conquering Hidden Fears — The Mind Game

Alex HonnoldBy LOU PAVLOVICH
Editor/Collegiate Baseball
(March 23, 2012 Edition)

RIVERSIDE, Calif. — The quest never stops for Riverside Community College Head Coach Dennis Rogers.

Over the years this highly successful skipper, who has led the Tigers to four California Community College titles, has brought in people from all walks of life to give his teams an insight into how excellence can be achieved.

His latest fabulous speaker was Alex Honnold, the greatest free solo climber in the world who talked to his team recently about the mental mine field he endures each time he tries to scale the face of a mountain.

Free solo climbing is without question the most dangerous sport in the world and involves scaling massive rock walls virtually straight up without any ropes or protective gear.

Only a few brave people in the world even attempt it.

The remarkable ascent of a free solo climber involves a person with no fear as he utilizes his shoes, fingertips and tremendous mental focus searching out small cracks to grab along the way.

This extreme form of climbing appears to be a suicide mission in waiting.

The rock walls he scales throughout the world are incredibly intimidating.

With this treacherous type of climbing, one slip, one heavy wind gust, one lapse of concentration, and you are history as you fall thousands of feet to a horrible death.

With free soloing, you have no partner, no safety net…nothing.

At the age of 23, the 5-foot-11 Honnold pulled off an amazing feat by scaling the towering northwest face of Half Dome in September of 2008.

This nearly 2,000-foot granite wall towers above Yosemite National Park. And before Honnold free soloed this wall, nobody had ever contemplated doing it before because of the danger.

 To give you a perspective, the height of Half Dome is almost the same as the Empire State Building in New York City at 102 stories.

And Half Dome is such an imposing vertical climb that attempting to reverse his climb downward was out of the question if he got into trouble. There was only one direction he could go…up.

At one stage of the climb, he actually froze because of the difficulty. But after gaining his composure, he focused intently and climbed his way out of trouble and to the top as he made history.

After seeing The Ascent Of Alex Honnold on “60 Minutes,” Rogers became obsessed with tracking Honnold down to ask him how he is mentally able to climb in this fashion and share this knowledge with his baseball players.

What Rogers found was an engaging personality who mastered climbing in a precision manner.

While baseball players today at a young age don’t practice nearly enough to master skills and instead play game after game on the youth level and on club teams, Honnold trained to climb indoors for about six years before he ever ventured outside to climb on rock walls.

At the age of five, his mother Dierdre Wolownick took him to a climbing gym in Davis, Calif. where he started scaled a wall immediately. At the age of 10, his father Charles Honnold began taking Alex to a climbing gym in Sacramento.

“In talking to Alex, he got mesmerized by learning everything he could about climbing,” said Rogers.

“He wanted to master the inside gym before he ever went outside. Let’s relate this to baseball and how our youth programs work. The way we do things on this level is play game after game without practicing and honing the skills necessary to be better. What Alex did makes perfect sense.

“Let’s teach young kids how to throw, how to field a ball and swing a bat. Let these kids grow and curtail the games until we can master those concepts. That was the big point I took out of Alex Honnold. He mastered what his body was supposed to do. This was over the six year period with body growth, hormone changes and other dynamics before he went and played a ‘game’ on the big mountain.

“You could take a thousand things from Alex and how he learned to climb. You can also relate what he does in life. The problem I have with athletes today is that they are pushed too fast at a young age. So many people believe that greatness must come quick because it’s there. But 99.9 percent of people don’t have this greatness quality. You have to slow down and do things correctly so there is a mastery of what we are doing.”

Rogers was asked how young baseball players can specifically master the mechanics of the sport and how much time he thought it would take.

“Teaching starts with the parents. They help with their kid’s education which is a high priority. But their development in other areas, including sports, is essential as well.

“And parents must learn to slow down the entire process. Get a perspective and take the emotion out of it because your son is five years old. Let him be a kid as well as learn something.

“I feel coaches must be trained better on the youth level as well. Youth coaches must learn not only how to instruct young athletes but understand and communicate what total development means.

“How do you teach winning? You teach winning through development, preparation and all that. I don’t think our current system will change in my life though.”

Rogers said that it was fascinating studying Honnold.

“With a team sport such as baseball, you can be covered up by team dynamics. The rightfielder can have a bad day while the team could do well. And he can be protected from his failures for that day. But in an individual sport such as free solo climbing that Alex does, you are the team psychologist, motivator, nutritionist and so on. You are the whole team. That to me says right there that it takes a lot more mental toughness and mental preparation and recoverability mentally than any team sport scenario.

“The other thing I learned from Alex that was when he learned everything he could about climbing in a gym for six years, he ventured out to the mountain and trained there with ropes. But he learned that if he was going to be a free solo climber, he would not scale the walls of mountains with ropes. So he had to eliminate the fear and thought of falling.”

Passion For Climbing
Rogers said Honnold already had a passion for climbing before he climbed a mountain for the first time even though he put in years of focused practice time to be skilled at his craft.

“With many baseball players, you don’t see this passion emerge until they are 27 or 28 years old. When they have this passion, they don’t question anything. They have a game plan and know it inside out and top to bottom.

“In watching Alex go through the process of free soloing the side of a mountain wall on the ’60 Minutes’ telecast, he analytically studies all the cracks and crevasses as he climbs it with ropes in previous ascents. As he goes up the face of the mountain with ropes, he then makes adjustments and re-climbs it over and over again until he feels that he can free solo it.

“It’s the same in baseball with adjustments. A pitcher is throwing fastballs and then comes in with curves with two strikes. The batter make adjustments. Then the pitcher will counter with adjustments of his own.”

Rogers said when Honnold comes to a point in a climb that becomes extremely difficult, he turns the music off, stops talking to friends and becomes more diligent at the task at hand.

“Then he is able to go to another zone immediately as far as focus. Alex sees something he needs to do and handle, so he zones in and does it. Alex told me he has this innate ability to know when he needs to focus on this higher level and respond to it. He told me when he faces these challenging situations, the adrenaline in his body doesn’t change. Alex has the ability of seeing a problem and doing something about it before it takes place.”

Rogers said it would be remarkable if baseball players could focus at this high level immediately when they needed to without adrenalin coursing through the body at a higher level as the athlete remains calm like Honnold. It would change the dynamics of the game.

After all, a baseball game involves several hundred starts and stops with many players not totally focused at different segments. Rogers said if you compressed a typical game down to only the action involved, it would be about 12 ½ minutes.

“When do we really talk about the mental game in baseball? Who is the mental instructor? How consistently will we work on it? Do you really believe in it, and do you really want to apply it? In our program, we do run mental propaganda. We use Geoff Miller (Atlanta Braves’ team psychologist) individually and collectively with the team. We also use Ken Ravizza’s Heads Up Baseball book. We use Dr. Bill Harrison in regard to baseball vision.

“Most of my staff believes in all of this and executes it. But I’ll be honest with you. We may have 35 percent of the players who are along for the ride. As much as we do it, I feel kids who are there look at it and utilize it during that moment. But I don’t think a high percentage really try to utilize this during games.”

Deliberate Practice
It was brought up to Rogers that the training philosophy of Honnold mirrored an extremely important point that author Geoff Colvin brought to light in his book Talent Is Overrated.

He studied world-class performers in many disciplines and found that practicing in a precision manner on a regular basis for 10,000 hours or 10 years was absolutely essential to their development. This “deliberate practice” where they intensely focus makes them the performers they are.

He also found that there becomes a moment when motivation be-comes internalized, similar to what Honnold has done. Then what he does is his own quest and pursuit. When that happens, it typically isn’t a goal that is driving him. It is because there is something in the activity itself that he finds rewarding. Whatever that comes from is what really separates world-class performers from everybody else.

“You’ve really hit on something. Alex Honnold is the only world-class athlete I have ever met in my life who has devoted the 10,000 hours to refining his talents to pursue excellence. This drive to have intense focus such as Alex has usually starts at a young age. It doesn’t happen in the late 20s or later on in life. Then these kids accumulate all these hours of focused practice.

“When I talked to Alex privately, he doesn’t have a lot of distractions. He has a family in Sacramento and has a girlfriend. He has his van and dresses casually. Even when he spoke to our team, he dressed in mountain clothes. My point is that he eliminates all the things that don’t allow him to do what he wants to do.

“The minds of baseball players are divided. They constantly think about the reaction of their parents, other recruits being brought in, if they will retain their scholarships and things of this nature.

“Alex gets to his greatest mental focus level when he is simply pursuing excellence. So he eliminates all these distractions and keeps his life basic and simple. He has one purpose which is to climb around the world. He always goes back to Yosemite as his checkpoint. Alex finds out how much he has improved and how good he has become. He feels Yosemite is the best place in the world to check himself because of the difficulty involved.

“His talk to our players at Riverside was very revealing. Alex mentioned that he didn’t know if he could play baseball and have to perform on cue over the over again in games. The players got a big kick out of that. If a pitcher fires a pitch, it is either a ball or strike or contact with the bat. But if Alex makes a mistake free soloing on the face of a mountain, he dies. He doesn’t have another option like in baseball.

“It was amazing to hear him say that his heart rate would probably get much higher in baseball facing pitch after pitch. But here he performs the most dangerous sport in the world where you can die with one mistake, and he doesn’t dwell on that. He doesn’t think of the negatives in climbing. Alex only thinks about what he is trying to accomplish on each climb.

“Baseball could definitely learn from him. The environment in baseball is focused on failure. And players are always wondering what they will do if they don’t get a hit or pitch well.”

Self Motivation
Rogers was asked if Honnold told him the age when he became self motivated.

“While he worked at climbing since the age of five, Alex really became passionate about it at the age of 16 when he went outside and started scaling rocks. He knew he could do this because he had the previous training for a number of years and could do it without any fear. That’s been his pursuit since.

“His demeanor and calmness is amazing. He also has drive and ambition that is second to none. That’s how Alex pursues climbing. He doesn’t think of the end result or the accolades. He just thinks about the accomplishment of climbing and where the next challenge is.

“It’s the same with a hitter, fielder or pitcher. A defensive player may be able to field ground balls pretty successfully. But he will only improve when he increases his range by reading the ball better and getting better jumps. How many people are driven to work on gaining better range? That’s why you must encourage people who are driven to stay on that path. If you as the coach are trying to motivate kids on a daily basis, it simply won’t work. Self motivation by the players is crucial.”

Rogers was asked if Honnold is the type of athlete who is focused on what he can’t do well which Colvin said was an integral part of a world-class performer. So many people are undisciplined in practice and only like to do what they can already do well because it is rewarding and feels good.

“He explained that when he gets into a difficult situation where he has a concern, he will go back multiple times with ropes while climbing to figure out how to solve the situation prior to a free solo climb.

“He wants to know where he can put his foot placement better on the mountain wall and if its a technique problem. He is very analytical and has been tested as a genius. His mind works differently than mine. He sees things very differently and deeper than baseball players.

“In the ’60 Minutes’ story, he was telling the interviewer that he was going to go up the face of the mountain at Yosemite in a precise route. If you have ever been to the top of Yosemite, the height is staggeringly high. I have seen the top of this area with binoculars, and I couldn’t tell you how to get there. He had it totally mapped out in his mind, and it was amazing.

“When you see him climb, it is the most stunning thing I have ever witnessed. So I felt it was imperative to learn what he did mentally so I could tap into it and help our baseball players.”

Rogers mentioned that Alex will scale the side of a mountain 7-10 times with ropes and protective equipment to map out his path prior to a free solo climb.

“He has a special journal that he writes information in after he goes on these exploratory climbs. He writes down what route he will take and where his foot placements will be along with rock outcroppings and crevices to grab with his hands. He has maps of everything he climbs.

“It would be just like a hitter keeping a hitter’s journal or a pitcher having a pitcher’s journal. By utilizing this journal, he can tweak a climb and make adjustments after so many practice runs with ropes before the free solo climb takes place. He said that once he climbs a mountain several times, he can see the route he wants to take, feel it and anticipate where he will free solo a week before he actually does it.

“In other words, he gets a great visual picture in his mind. Once you get that, things get a lot easier to do. It’s advanced on one level. But on another, it really isn’t. Baseball players who utilize visualization like this have a tremendous edge. Baseball needs to adopt what Alex Honnold has taught us. We simply need to utilize these concepts.

“The nervous system can’t tell the difference between a synthetic experience and an actual physical experience. It’s just a shame we in baseball don’t spend as much time on the mental area as we do on the physical.”

Rents Climbing Gym
Before Honnold came to talk to his players, the skipper at Riverside Community College rented a climbing gym for his players for several hours so they could experience how difficult climbing is.

“It was amazing how the guys just stayed there. Some were a little bit better than what they anticipated. Some guys had fear, but they kept pursuing it and pursuing it. I realized if they understood what Alex had gone through, they would be able to ask him good questions when he showed up.

“We weren’t trying to make them climbers. They needed to understand what he does and embrace greatness.”

Rogers said that players don’t want to hear their coaches talk all the time about excellence.

“So why not have your players hear from great people in their chosen professions? Aren’t you ultimately trying to make your program great?

“One of the things I plan on doing is having our players read chapters in Steve Jobs’ book (written by Walter Isaacson). They will find out about his creativity, his mind and adventures. He was a brilliant guy but not really a great person. But you know what? The great ones are a little whacked anyway.

“They have to be. They are just different. We don’t embrace greatness enough. I am talking about mind greatness or skill greatness. How did they get there?”

Honnold faces extreme challenges while he is free soloing on a climb.

He might experience unexpected rain or be startled after putting his hand in a crevasse with a bat flying out which could cause him to fall.

Maybe poisonous bugs could bite a finger as he grabs a rock outcropping, or he could be hit with unexpected winds.

Alex  must always be prepared for the unexpected during climbs. Baseball players face many unique obstacles during games as well and must be mentally tough to overcome them.

“He has a pretty calm demeanor about him. But I didn’t hear him ever bring negativity into his conversations of doing a free solo climb. If he has to adjust, he will. If there is water there, OK. He has a plan if he does run into wind, heat, bugs and a whole bunch of elements. Anything negative that may happen, he has already played that through his mind. But he doesn’t publicly talk about this. He has been climbing for so long and has a great ability to block these negative thoughts out.

“As far as baseball, wouldn’t it be great if players had the ability to block out negative thoughts? All of us in the game have been trying to answer that question for ages. When negative thoughts come up, how can you eliminate them right there?

“There are very few players who have that ability. The theory has been out there that it might be better to be dumb when you play baseball because you won’t over think situations. I have always felt that is a stupid theory because you always have to think in this sport.

“I have always believed that smart wins in any athletic event. Talent is important.

“There is no question about that. But the smarter the talented individual is, the longer he will sustain his game. I have always felt that if you struggle in the classroom, then you will struggle on the diamond. And history has shown this to be true.

“Alex’s thought process is different than anybody else. His ability to pursue new things and critique himself privately allows him to work at being better in those skills. He pursues his own personal excellence and doesn’t worry about anybody else. Alex is really driven by not being the best but being the most creative. You just don’t find those of people very often.

“There have been very few people in life who have moved me.

“But Alex Honnold did that to me. He was so different, and what he does is an untapped area for baseball. He personifies greatness. And sometimes people are scared of greatness.”